There are a few things that you have to take into consideration when trying to determine why your older dog won’t eat.Chances are that if you’re reading this article then you’re struggling with what to do when your senior fur baby shows no interest in his or her meals.

I’ve certainly fought this battle more than once over the years and I know how upsetting it can be for the dog owner.

Of course it’s critical that your senior eat in order to maintain his or her strength.  There are many reasons that can cause an older dog not to eat:

  • Disease or Illness
  • Dental – If you don’t clean your dog’s teeth regularly, your dog could be in pain due to periodontal problems
  • Emotional – Dogs DO get depressed
  • Poor Diet

DON’T Get Upset About It – Your Dog WILL Pick Up on Your Feelings

As silly as you may think this sounds, your dog knows what you’re feeling.  So, if you get stressed or panicked because he or she’s not eating, it can often make the situation worse. (I’ve been there). If your dog senses your nervousness, the chances are better that he’ll walk away from the food.

You have to find a way to stay calm and relaxed at meal time even if the dog doesn’t eat right away.  The key is to learn to entice your dog with the food via smell, before you even place the food down.  This is a vital step and here’s why.

If you place the food down and the dog doesn’t eat it; then you pick it back up and add something to it, put the bowl back down; the dog will often walk away at that point.  Then you begin to panic trying to figure out what to do.  Don’t play games putting the bowl down, picking it up and putting it back down.

Rule Out Disease

There are several different reasons that can cause your dog to stop eating such as disease or illness, parasites, stress and anxiety (behavioral).

It’s very important that you don’t try and guess what’s causing your older dog’s appetite loss. Make an appointment for your dog with his or her holistic veterinarian.

Although a loss of appetite can be a symptom of several issues; it’s important that your vet run tests to rule out that disease or illness may be causing the problem.

Once the vet confirms that your old fur baby is definitely okay health wise, then you can start evaluating why the lack of interest in food.

Rose’s Story – Suddenly a Finicky German Shepherd

At one point, I had been working with a friend whose twelve year old German Shepherd suddenly developed reoccurring stool problems as well as daily accidents in the house.

Rose was always a good eater up until about six months ago when her owner took her to the vet for an ear problem. Rose was diagnosed with Vestibular Disease due to an inner ear infection. Other than Vestibular Disease, the vet indicated that Rose was healthy.

Rose’s owner contacted me due to her stool problems and sudden onset of anorexia. Anorexia in dogs is when a dog has a complete loss of appetite. It’s not the same as the eating disorder Anorexia Nervosa in people. Shortly after visiting the vet, Rose’s owner decided to use a dewormer on her in the event that she may have developed worms.

From this point forward, Rose’s stool and eating habits changed completely.  Since Rose wouldn’t eat, her owner decided to try boiled chicken and rice which Rose accepted with a doggy smile!

Determining The Problem

Since the vet ruled out any real health concerns, my suspicions as to why Rose wasn’t eating were more behavioral than anything, especially since she was always a good eater. Although Rose was diagnosed with Vestibular Disease, she also developed certain behavioral symptoms around that time as well.

Coincidentally, Rose’s owner welcomed a new German Shepherd puppy into the home around the same time that Rose’s symptoms started to appear. This confirmed my suspicions that much of Rose’s issues were indeed behavioral. Plus, Rose was used to eating free form; having dry food available at all times and now with the new puppy, this changed her entire routine.

All dogs like routine, but old dogs rely on it!

Adding Another Dog to the Family and Reinforcing Your Alfa Dog’s Role

I explained the importance that Rose must always be first – before the pup. Rose goes in and out of the doors first, she gets her food first, etc. Although dogs will typically work out any “pack” issues themselves, it’s a must for the owner to reinforce the older dog’s role.

I further explained the importance of a healthy diet for both dogs and further explained that boiled chicken and rice isn’t a balanced diet. This type of bland diet is typically recommended as a temporary diet for gastric upset or a diet for a recuperating pet. A diet of boiled chicken/ground beef and rice should never be your dog’s only source of food without adequate supplementation. It is void of all the nutrients your dog needs such as vitamins and MINERALS which are critical.

Since both dogs were used to eating commercial dry dog food, my recommendation for Rose and Niko was a much higher quality dog food for both dogs. Niko was also battling some skin problems too which a good food and a few supplements will usually take care of.

We changed the dogs to a higher quality commercial food and added some much needed supplements as well. Probiotics to build and keep Rose’s immune system strong. Digestive Enzymes to help Rose break down and absorb the nutrients in the food and Omega 3 Fatty Acids for healthy skin and organs.

Immediately after changing the foods and adding the supplements, Rose’s stool and accidents were better. However, Rose wasn’t quite 100% yet. She’ll still often go without eating and rush to eat her food when she knew “Niko” was coming. Again, her behavior confirms that much of how she was reacting, was due to the stress of lifestyle change.

Rose’s weight wasn’t nearly where it should be for a German Shepherd and it was important that she gain a little weight.

Okay, How To Get Your Older Dog To Eat

The first thing you have to do is to evaluate any changes made in your own life that directly or indirectly affect your older dog.

As far as actually getting your your senior to eat; I always recommend trying one of the better commercial foods first (a small bag) to see if your dog accepts it.

Another food that I always recommend is Wellness Ninety-Five Percent because it’s 95% meat. It’s generally accepted by most dogs who are often lacking in a quality protein. Keep in mind that because the only ingredient is meat, you can’t feed it by itself since it contains no vitamins or minerals. It’s only meant to be a supplement to your dog’s diet. So, this might be a nice addition to the right dry or dehydrated food.

If this doesn’t seem to be working either, then start looking at preparing something homemade for your dog or including some healthy tablescraps to her diet. See my free recipe below.

*Important – when you home cook for your dog, you MUST add supplementation either by adding each of the individual supplements or by providing your old dog a multivitamin daily (follow the dosage instructions on the bottle according to your dog’s weight).

Get creative with these other ideas:

  • Shredded cheese
  • Hard boiled eggs
  • Sardines in water
  • Canned or fresh salmon

Dogs Love This Stinky Alternative!

Another alternative that most dog’s LOVE is adding green tripe to their diet. Beware – it’s stinky! Tripe is the stomach of ruminating animals such as cattle, sheep, bison, deer, etc. You always want green tripe which means it has been untouched (never bleached).

While fresh tripe is the best of course; Tripett brand is also a nice alternative. Try adding a little each day to his meals or after he eats to give him something to look forward to.

Here’s a recipe that also might work for your old fur baby. Adjust the recipe to your dog’s size. Although this recipe calls for baby food veggies; fresh veggies such as kale and carrots are much better choices if you can get your old dog to eat them. You can steam and puree them so they are similar to baby food:
2 cups of cooked lean ground beef lightly sauteed in olive oil (cook only until slightly pink on the inside – DO NOT cook well)
4 hard boiled eggs, chopped
1 Cup cooked Brown Rice (cooked well)
2 tablespoons MASHED, drained and rinsed canned kidney beans
1 small jar baby food green beans
4 Tbsp cottage cheese

Combine all ingredients and mix well. You can either add the multivitamin to the meal or give it separately. Serve at room temperature. Store any left overs in the fridge and toss after about 3 days.

My blog also shares lots of information on how and what to feed your dog. Use the search bar or check out the category drop down menu.

Do you have any ideas or tips that you can share on what you did to get your senior to eat? We would love to hear them!

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Showing 21 comments
  • Barbara N

    My 12 1/2 year old lab developed what seems to be a fear of his dog bowls. This started 12 days ago. I have been able to get him to hand feed but now he seems uninterested. He also has lots of anxiety. If a spoon drops on the floor he runs away. If a bit of his dog food falls on the floor he runs away. Today for the first time he has eaten nothing. He has refused hand feeding of fresh chicken as well as little meat balls made from his canned dog food. Vet says blood work is fine and his ultra sound of the belly is clear….three vets have been unable to figure this out over the last two weeks. Help….

  • Maggie

    My 12 year d miniature schnauzer is drinking but not eating at all. Been to vet and they want to run a barrage of tests which I’ve decided against as I don’t think it’s fair on her. She is still going into the garden and still greets family and friends. What can I temp her with. Help

    • janie

      Hi Maggie:

      The one thing you should have done is bloodwork to check how her kidneys and liver are doing. You need to know this so that you know how to proceed.

      Did you have blood work done?

      Janie

  • Sue

    My German Shepherd has gone off his food he is 13 years old and has been blind since he was seven but that has not been a problem during his life! I know the heat has got to him he just lays on his bed with a cool coat and fan on him!He has been on raw food all his life and will not touch it now he will eat a small amount of ready made meals that are cooked but not enough for his weight 35 kegs please has anyone got any suggestions I would be very grateful.
    Sue

    • janie

      Hi Sue:

      I’m so sorry to hear about your old boy. Has he been to vet and diagnosed with anything? Many times when dogs have kidney disease and stop eating, steaming leafy greens and getting them to eat them, can stimulate an appetite. I would have the kidneys and liver checked Sue.

      When they stop eating, there’s a reason. So, finding out why is also very important so that you can develop a protocol of foods, herbs and other defenses.

      I hope this helps a little.

      Janie

  • Angela Heisler

    It’s so tough when your dog decides to not eat. I want share a product that I found.

    It is called Superfood Seasoning and all dogs LOVE it! Protein is the first ingredient and then it’s loaded with Superfood fruits and veggies. It has vitamins, minerals and antioxidants that our dogs need.

    If you would like to know more, you can email me at thepetlifewithpawtree @gmail.com

    HUGS during these difficult and unsure times!

    Angela Heisler

  • Nancy Scaramuzzo

    My 14 yr old dog was just changed to new dog food. She was good for about a week but then went on lockdown..nothing…there are no underlying problems. I did put her on Brown rice and just a small piece of boiled chicken, as she has Allergies to it…sure she ate it but now I’m trying to get her back on her dog food..Honest Kitchen. No eating for 4 days..caved in and gave her a small piece of toast dry this morning..she almost took m6 hand off..please advise..I’m desperate, I love her but she’s stubborn too..I managed to put a spoonful in her mouth…she spit it all over..nice! I can’t feed her chicken and rice the rest of her life…it was ok bc I was desperate 4 her to eat..yes, I even chanced the chicken. She’s very smart and is waiting 4 me to cave 8n again. She’s getting weak today. Any and all comments appreciated. Thank you in advance.

    • janie

      Hi Nancy:

      Did you consider my cookbook for her. She obviously wants change and people food. You can use any of the recipes in the book since she’s pretty healthy and no major concerns.

      I would definitely do that. Give her variety. She doesn’t want to eat The Honest Kitchen every day for the rest of her life. I would also include Daily Multi for her and the cookbook shares how to incorporate calcium which is a must.

      You can view the cookbook here and Daily Multi here.

      I hope this helps Nancy! Keep me posted… :)

      Janie

  • Kristine

    Hi I have 13 years old dog and he is not eating also he cannot hear us. Before, when we call his name he look at us immediately but now he is not responding and does’nt open his eyes. He only opens it if he is going to his bed. We cannot carry him to go to vet because he is being sensitive and angry everytime. What can i do to help my dog?

    • janie

      Hi Kristine:

      I’m sorry for the delay. I would try and find a mobile vet to come to your home to see what is going on. I would also look into acupuncture and good, real, whole food for him, if he’s not already eating a good diet.
      I hope your old boy recovers.

      Janie

  • Idamis Avendano

    Hi I have a 10yrs old American bulldog that lately is eating less and drinking less water. He has gotten more skinny and am worry. I already took him for his shots and the vet said he was in good health and that was just 2 months ago. Have tried standing beside him comforting him and talking to him to try to get him to eat but he just takes a couple of licks of food and water. Please can you help me. Thanks Ida

  • Amanda

    good afternoon
    I am going to try some of these tips for my 14 year old maltese cross shih Tzu.
    She has had a heart murmur for some time and over the last few months it is progressing slowly as in getting worse, so therefore she is on numerous medications for that and her teeth are not the best but putting her under to have them out is very risky so therefore she is on painkillers every so often so therefore she is extremely fussy with food. I have that much different food for her and cook fresh food and yes with what you say above I get stressed when she doesn’t eat as I get so worried because of the medication she is on she needs to eat. Will try the tinned salmon as she does like biscuits that are fish flavoured and I soak the biscuits to soften them for her to eat. I spend a fortune on her every week but would not have it any other way.

    Amanda

    • janie

      Hi Amanda:

      I’m sorry to hear about your old girl.

      Are you doing anything at all for her teeth? If not, you need to try and do something such as using a spray and maybe gently, very gently use a plaque/tarter remover such as this one which is the same one that I use. BE VERY GENTLE, BUT SCRAPE OFF WHAT YOU CAN A LITTLE AT A TIME. Just try and to a little each day, so that she doesn’t get stressed. Here’s the link: Plaque/Tarter Remover

      I use this dental spray, and I’ve used several in the past. This one is pretty good. I would use it for several days before scaling the tarter: Happy Parents Premium Dental Spray

      You MUST feed a diet that contains a lot of good sources of protein and greens. Did you by chance look at my cookbook which includes recipes for Heart Disease with 3-5 ingredients for the crock pot? If not, you can take a look here if you want: Home Cooking for Sick Dogs The recipes will be soft for her.

      I would also use COQ10 DAILY. This is an excellent supplement from Vetriscience: Vetriscience COQ10

      Next, I would definitely include these along with the Vetriscience above: Heart Treats These contain a lot of ingredients that are excellent for the heart and I often recommend them individually.

      If you can afford it, I would also include our daily multivitamin which is a powder and easy to administer in his food. You can read about that here: Daily Multivitamin

      I hope this helps your old girl Amanda.

      Janie

    • Lana Black

      Did you find a food that worked? Having same issue with our 13 year old Havanese/Shih Tzu. Heart murmur getting worse. Enlarged heart. Been on heart meds since March. Liver enzymes VERY ELEVATED since last year (over 1500 ALT and ALP). Dental issue same as you…had her booked for one last July, and that is when we discovered the liver enzyme issue in the pre-anesthetic blood test. Can’t eat kibble. Won’t touch canned dog food any more. Boiled turkey/sweet potato/beef broth is ceasing to entice her. Bought raw food that I cooked and mixed with beef marrow broth – that work for a while, but not now. But she WILL eat treats. Weight was 5.34kg last year. In past few months, now down to 4.3kg. But still will go for walks, and can still do stairs from deck to do her business outside. But weight loss is going to catch up with her.

  • Cheyenne

    My 12 1/2 year old senior Collie has many food allergies including chicken, beef, wheat, barely and oats. We started mixing dry and wet food at the vet’s recomendation. We also put in a fish oil, 2 joint supplements and an apsirin. He gobbled up his new food at first, now he barely eats again. Any suggestions?

    • janie

      Hi Cheyenne:

      Are you only willing to feed him traditional dog food such as dry and from a can? There are much better options for him including home cooking and using a dehydrated formula such as this one: ONP Dehydrated Stew

      How do you know he has food allergies and what symptoms does he have? Also what joint supplements do you use?

      Do you include a good multivitamin for him Cheyenne?

      Janie

  • Karen

    Thanks! My 13year old American Bulldog refuses to eat dog food, dry or wet. He was getting so skinny I’ve been cooking his meals twice a day. I definitely need a more varied diet for him so these are great suggestions.

    • janie

      You’re welcome Karen. I’m glad the ideas help!

      Janie

  • shelle

    This was VERY helpful and thorough…i am going to try some of the suggestions for my senior poodle, who has digestive problems frequently.
    thank you!

    • janie

      You’re very welcome Shelle. Thank you for your kind words!

      Janie

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